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The 2015 annual publication in the Ius Commune Europaeum series, i.e. Evidence in Contemporary Civil Procedure, contains an article entitled "Preclusion of Late Allegations and Evidence as a Tool to Increase the Efficiency of Civil Proceedings In Poland". The author is Dr. Bartosz Karolczyk, Associate at Domański Zakrzewski Palinka. The Ius Commune Europaeum series focuses on the common foundations of the legal systems in the Member States of the European Union. It includes horizontal comparative legal studies and studies on the effect of treaties within the national legal systems. All the classic fields of law are covered.
Since the start of the new millennium, many contemporary jurisdictions have been revisiting the fundamental principles of their civil procedures. Even the core areas of the civil process are not left untouched, including the way in which evidence is introduced, collected and presented in court. Slow and inefficient litigation has been one of the generators behind the reforms in the field of evidence taking in recent decades. The second reason that many countries are reforming their laws of evidence is related to cultural and technological changes in modern societies. Last but not least, the overwhelming penetration of new technologies into all spheres of public and private life has the capacity to dramatically change evidence collection and presentation methods.
Exploring these issues, the editors of this book invited the contributors to reflect on how these trends affect the situation in their countries and to give their views on further developments, both nationally and as compared to developments in other countries and regions. A further goal was to inquire whether, in spite of national differences that are still dominant, the approaches to civil evidence are converging, and whether reforms affecting fact-finding have a chance of leading to some forms of harmonisation.
The Ius Commune Europaeum series can be purchased on http://intersentia.com.
From 25 May 2018 the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) applies in Poland and other European Union countries. We would therefore like to give you several details on the subject of how DZP processes personal data.
The administrator of the personal data is Domański Zakrzewski Palinka Sp.k. (“DZP”; address: Rondo ONZ 1, 00-124 Warszawa). Data are processed for contact purposes and to impart information on changes to provisions and authority practices and on other issues, including events concerning day-to-day legal, economic and cultural issues, inter alia, by sending DZP newsletters. The above is carried out on the basis of legitimate interests, i.e. in accordance with art. 6(1)(f) of the GDPR. Data can also be processed where necessary for the conclusion or performance of a contract and for compliance with a legal obligation to which DZP is subject, i.e. pursuant to art. 6(1)(b) and (c) of the GDPR. Data can be transferred to entities with whose help DZP achieves the indicated aims, including entities maintaining IT infrastructure. Giving data is voluntary and in contractual relations is a requirement for concluding and performing a contract. It is possible to object to data processing, request access to, rectification and erasure of personal data or restriction of processing and data portability. Data are kept until an objection is made, and in contractual relations – throughout the term of the contract and thereafter for a period specified in provisions on archiving and limitations period for claims. Anyone has the right to file a complaint with the President of the Personal Data Protection Office. Questions concerning privacy at DZP can be sent to DZP’s Data Protection Inspector, Macieja Maciejewskiego, at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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